- 4th June 2013
- Posted by: Amir farid
- Category: Blog,
The Naqshbandi tariqa takes its name from Khwaja Baha’uddin Naqshband Bukhari (r.a.) (d. 1389 C.E.), a very prominent Sufi Shaykh who continued the tradition of making the spiritual teachings and practices of Sufism more applicable to the changing times in which he lived.
Khwaja Baha’uddin Naqshband was the student, and later the khalifa (successor) of Meer Kalaal (r.a).
However, he also received instruction from the ruhaniya (or spiritual being) of Khwajah Abdul Khaliq Ghujdawani (r.a), who gave Baha’uddin Naqshband (r.a) the practice of “SILENT ZIKR”.
The Naqshbandi order stems from the Silsilah Khwajagan, which originally developed in Turkestan.The best known Shaykh of the Khwajagan was Khwajah ‘Abdul Khaliq Ghujdawani of Bukhara (r.a) (d. 1179).
He was responsible for coining certain terms with technical and spiritual meanings which are still in active use within the Naqshbandi tariqah to this day. He also made the teachings of the order accessible and relevant to the people of his era.
The Naqshbandi tariqah is notable in being the only Sufi tariqah which traces its lineage to Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) through Abu Bakr as-Siddiq (ra), the first Caliph.
At the end of the sixteenth century, the Indian Shaykh Ahmad Farooqi Sirhindi (d.1624) of the Naqshbandi Order reaffirmed the importance of shari’ah in an effort to counteract the spread of un-Islamic practices among India’s Muslim and Sufi circles. For this effort, he became known as Mujaddid Alf-i Sani
“Renewer of the Second Millennium.”
Due to the significance of his reforms to the Naqshbandi teachings, his spiritual descendants became known as a new order, the Mujaddidi.
Their teachings became popular throughout the Indian subcontinent, and spread eventually to the Caucasus, the Middle East, Asia Minor and beyond.